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Matra MS84 history

Jean-Pierre Beltoise drove the 4WD Matra MS84 at the British GP in 1974, seen here during practice. Copyright Gerald Swan  2017. Used with permission.

Jean-Pierre Beltoise drove the 4WD Matra MS84 at the British GP in 1974, seen here during practice. Copyright Gerald Swan 2017. Used with permission.

This model is eligible for the Grand Prix de Monaco Historique 2018, in Race E: Formula 1, 1966 to 1969.

Jackie Stewart wanted a four-wheel-drive car for 1969, in case of wet races. The Matra MS84 was regularly used in practice by Stewart, but only raced four times.

Of the various projects to build four-wheel drive cars in 1969, such as the Lotus 63 and McLaren M9A, the Matra MS84 was the simplest and cheapest. The MS84 chassis followed the dimensions of the MS80 but was just a spaceframe chassis, fitted with a Ferguson 4WD transmission. The car first appeared at the Dutch GP, where Stewart was fourth fastest in the wet Saturday afternoon session, but the car proved slow in the dry. Stewart tried it again in France, but the weekend was dry, and there was no advantage to be found. At the British GP, Stewart crashed MS80-02 during practice, so took over Beltoise's MS80-01, leaving the Frenchman to drive the MS84 in the race. He started from the back of the grid, having only had four flying laps in practice, and ran at the back throughout the race, eventually finishing six laps adrift in ninth place. The car was aired again by Stewart at the Nürburgring and at Monza, but both events were hot and sunny, and the car was not needed. It was taken to the North American races for Johnny Servoz-Gavin to drive, and he scored a point for a very distant sixth place in Canada. He was also seventh at Watkins Glen, and eighth in Mexico, the latter probably being the car's most competitive outing as he was only two laps behind at the end. Although this would give the impression that maybe 4WD could be successful if further developed, the Matra engineers had split the torque for this race to be 100% to the rear, meaning the car was effectively just an overweight MS80 at this race.

The car was of no interest to Matra, and the frame was cut up and discarded. In 2017, a project was under way to recreate the car.

Car
Total
Race
Starts
Grand
Prix
Starts
First Race
Present Location
4
4
British Grand Prix
(19 Jul 1969)
Scrapped

Please contact Allen Brown (allen@oldracingcars.com) if you can add anything to our understanding of these cars.