Motor racing had been banned in Switzerland following the Le Mans disaster of 1955 but the sport actually flourished over the next 20 years. Racing was still allowed where competitors raced against the clock instead of against each other, so hill climbs and slaloms continued as before, with the Alpine country becoming a centre for hillclimbing in particular. For circuit racing, the main Swiss clubs organised meetings at convenient circuits outside their borders, notably at Hockenheim and Monza. Swiss competitors also appeared at French, German, Italian and Austrian national events as well as in rounds of the European Hill Climb Championship. Five of the first nine winners of the European title were Swiss nationals.
The Schweizer Meisterschaft (Swiss Championship) was a mixture of Bergrennen (hill climbs), Rundstreckrennen (circuit racing) and slaloms spread across Switzerland, Germany and Italy.
Competitors were split into four groups, much as in other mainland European racing at that time: production cars, modified production cars, sports cars and racing cars. The exact descriptions and grouping varied over the period as the FIA modified their Appendix J classifications, categories and groups.