Formula A and Formula 5000 in North America 1968-1976
The SCCA's Formula 5000 championship ran across North America from 1968, when it was called Formula A, to 1976, when it was repaced by the Single-Seater Can-Am. It grew steadily from 1968 to its peak in 1973 and 1974, after which there was a slight decline due to disagreements between the SCCA and rivals USAC, and the inability of anyone to produce a car as good as the Lola T332. There were some wonderful duels through this period: Jody Scheckter versus Brian Redman in 1973, then Redman versus Mario Andretti in 1974 and 1975.
Formula 5000 also produced of the most iconic cars of this era: the Eagle Mk5 in 1968 and 1969, the McLaren M10B in 1970, Graham McRae's Leda LT27/McRae GM1 in 1972, the Chevron B24 in 1972 and 1973, and then the Lola T330/T332 in 1973 and 1974 and 1975 and 1976 and onwards into Can-Am. Other manufacturers briefly flourished: Surtees, Matich and Trojan being the most notable.
The most successful years of the series are associated with L&M - Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company. To a 21st century audience, it must seem strange that so much of motor sport was financed by companies selling a product that was both addictive and known to be carcinogenic, but this was, as is so often said, another age. In the US, Congress banned cigarette advertising on TV and Radio in 1971, so the travelling billboards of motor racing became increasingly important. To survive, smoking had to be seen as cool, and Formula 5000 was the epitomy of cool. Such was the success of L&M and other producers that smoking rates in the US continued to rise, peaking in 1973, L&M's final year as F5000 sponsor. According to the US government, more than 16 million Americans are living with a disease caused by smoking.
The 1968 season: Continental Divide, War Bonnet, Road America, Thompson Speedway, Mosport Park, Lime Rock, Brainerd, Laguna Seca.
The 1969 season: Riverside, Laguna Seca, Continental Divide, Sears Point, Seattle, Road America, Lime Rock, Brainerd, Mosport Park, Lime Rock, Mont-Tremblant, Thompson Speedway, Sebring International Raceway.
The 1970 season: Riverside, Edmonton, Seattle, Laguna Seca, Sears Point, Dallas International Motor Speedway, Road America, Mont-Tremblant, Brainerd, Lime Rock, Mosport Park, Mid-Ohio, Sebring International Raceway.
The 1971 season: Riverside, Laguna Seca, Seattle, Mid-Ohio, Road America, Edmonton, (Seattle), (Seattle), Brainerd, Lime Rock.
The 1972 season: Laguna Seca, Edmonton, Watkins Glen, Road America, Brainerd, Road Atlanta, Lime Rock, Riverside.
The 1973 season: Riverside, Laguna Seca, Michigan International Speedway, Mid-Ohio, Watkins Glen, Road America, Road Atlanta, Pocono (road course), Seattle.
The 1974 season: Mid-Ohio, Mosport Park, Watkins Glen, Road America, Ontario Motor Speedway, Laguna Seca, Riverside.
The 1975 season: Pocono (road course), Mosport Park, Watkins Glen, Road America, Mid-Ohio, Road Atlanta, Long Beach, Laguna Seca, Riverside.
The 1976 season: Pocono (road course), Mosport Park, Watkins Glen, Road America, Mid-Ohio, Road America, Riverside.
Non-championship races in brackets.