Players No 6 Grand Prix
Phoenix Park, 8 Sep 1974
|1||David Morgan||Chevron B25 [25-73-04] - Ford BDA Nicholson
#13 Custom Made/Harry Stiller Racing
(see note 1)
|2||Jim Crawford||March 73B ['SDC1'] - Ford BDA Hart
#7 S.D.C Racing (see note 2)
|3||Tony Brise||Modus M1 [004?] - Ford BDA Nicholson
#36 Team Modus
|4||John Smith||March 722 ["18"] - Ford BDA
#71 (see note 3)
|5||Stephen Choularton||March 73B  - Ford BDA Hart
#6 S.D.C Racing (see note 4)
|6||John Nicholson||Lyncar 005  - Ford BDA Nicholson
#2 Pinch (Plant) Ltd
|7||Patrick Woods||March 73B [712M-5] - Ford BDA
(see note 5)
|8||Walter Kinnear||Lotus 69 [71/69.1.F2] - Ford BDA
(see note 6)
|9||Cyd Williams||Brabham BT40  - Ford BDA Nicholson
#11 Graham Eden (see note 7)
|10||Bill Gowdy||Brabham BT30  - Ford BDA
(see note 8)
|14||Ken Fildes||Lotus 69 [71/69.3.F2] - Ford BDA
(see note 9)
|UNK||Alan Jones||March 74B [U1] - Ford BDA Richardson
#14 Custom Made/Harry Stiller Racing
(see note 10)
|UNK||Patsy McGarrity||Chevron B25 [25-73-08] - Ford BDA
(see note 11)
|UNK||Jay Pollock||Crosslé 22F [22F-72-01] - Ford BDA
Desmond Mack Racing
|UNK||Héctor Rebaque||Chevron B27 [27-74-06] - Ford BDA Hart
Fred Opert Racing (see note 12)
|UNK||Peter Williams||Chevron B27 [27-74-16] - Ford BDA Nicholson
(see note 13)
|UNK||Des Donnelly||March 73B  - Ford BDA
(see note 14)
|UNK||Ronnie Mackay||March 722 - Ford BDA
(see note 15)
|UNK||Peter Wardle||Surtees TS15  - Ford BDA Smith
STP Racing Team
|UNK||Dairmuid McFeeley||March 73B [722-5] - Ford BDA
(see note 16)
|UNK||Harold McGarrity||Brabham BT30  - Ford BDA
(see note 17)
|UNK||Tom O'Leary||March 722B  - Ford BDA
(see note 18)
|UNK||Tom Drury||Brabham BT35 - Ford BDA
|UNK||Matt Spitzley||March 74B [733-7] - Ford BDA Hart
#22 Rapid Movements Ltd
|UNK||Ted Wentz||March 74B  - Ford BDA Swindon
Wella International Hair Cosmetics
(see note 19)
|DNQ||John Pollock||Crosslé 22F [22F-72-01] - Ford BDA
||Did not qualify|
|DNQ||Paddy Heron||Brabham BT23 [BT23C-11]
(see note 20)
|Did not qualify|
All cars are 1.6-litre F/Atl unless noted.
|1||David Morgan||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Chevron B25 [25-73-04] - Ford BDA Nicholson|
|2||Alan Jones||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 74B [U1] - Ford BDA Richardson|
|3||Patsy McGarrity||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Chevron B25 [25-73-08] - Ford BDA|
|4||Jay Pollock||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Crosslé 22F [22F-72-01] - Ford BDA|
|5||Héctor Rebaque||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Chevron B27 [27-74-06] - Ford BDA Hart|
|6||Jim Crawford||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 73B ['SDC1'] - Ford BDA Hart|
|7||Tony Brise||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Modus M1 [004?] - Ford BDA Nicholson|
|8||Ken Fildes||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Lotus 69 [71/69.3.F2] - Ford BDA|
|9||Bill Gowdy||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Brabham BT30  - Ford BDA|
|10||John Smith||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 722 ["18"] - Ford BDA|
|11||Walter Kinnear||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Lotus 69 [71/69.1.F2] - Ford BDA|
|13||Stephen Choularton||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 73B  - Ford BDA Hart|
|14||Des Donnelly||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 73B  - Ford BDA|
|15||John Nicholson||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Lyncar 005  - Ford BDA Nicholson|
|16||Ronnie Mackay||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 722 - Ford BDA|
|17||Peter Wardle||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Surtees TS15  - Ford BDA Smith|
|18||Dairmuid McFeeley||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 73B [722-5] - Ford BDA|
|19||Cyd Williams||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Brabham BT40  - Ford BDA Nicholson|
|20||Harold McGarrity||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Brabham BT30  - Ford BDA|
|21||Tom O'Leary||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 722B  - Ford BDA|
|22||Tom Drury||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Brabham BT35 - Ford BDA|
|23||Patrick Woods||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 73B [712M-5] - Ford BDA|
|24||Matt Spitzley||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 74B [733-7] - Ford BDA Hart|
|25||Peter Williams||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre Chevron B27 [27-74-16] - Ford BDA Nicholson|
|26||Ted Wentz||(F/Atl) 1.6-litre March 74B  - Ford BDA Swindon|
Notes on the cars:
- Chevron B25 [25-73-04] (David Morgan): Displayed at the Racing Car Show in January 1973, then sold to Ed Reeves for Dave Morgan to race in Formula 2. Retained by Morgan for 1974 and raced in the British Formula Atlantic series, run for him by Harry Stiller. Sold to property developer David Peck at the end of the year for his daughter to race, but seemingly not used. Sold to former clubmans driver Derek Shortall (Malahide, County Dublin, Ireland) and raced in the 1976 Irish Formula Atlantic series, backed by Vista Blinds, his long time sponsors. Reported to have gone to Dermot O'Leary and Eddie Regan for 1977, but next seen when raced by David Lambe (Dublin) in 1978 and 1979. Taken in part-exchange by Belfast team owner Gerry Kinnane for his Lola T460 at the end of 1979, and sold on to Alwyn Bingham (Belfast, Northern Ireland), the reigning Irish Hill Climb Champion. Raced in hillclimbs in 1980 and 1981. Alwyn recalls that he sold it "down south", but does not recall the next owner's name. Subsequent history unknown.
- March 73B ['SDC1'] (Jim Crawford): Over the 1973/74 winter, Jim Crawford built up Steve Choularton's March 73B spares in to a second car. He raced the car with great success in the two British Formula Atlantic series in 1974, winning two John Player races and narrowly losing the title to John Nicholson after the two collided at the last race. He also won one race in the Southern Organs series, before crashing at Brands Hatch at the end of September, which resulted in the car being rebuilt on a new tub from March. The car was then raced at least once by Choularton, while Crawford moved over to Fred Opert's Chevron B27 for the last two races, winning both, and taking the title. The 73B that appeared for Cyd Williams in May 1975 is thought to be Choularton's 73B/1. The ex-Crawford car was sold to Derek Cook (Wath-upon-Dearne, Rotherham, South Yorkshire) in July 1975 but in practice for his first race, the British GP support race, Cook spun off and hit Val Musetti's March, writing off both cars.
- March 722 ["18"] (John Smith): John Smith (Ballymena, County Antrim, Northern Ireland) bought a new March 722 for Formula Ireland racing in 1972, using a 1840cc Broadspeed Ford BDA engine. The engine proved expremely troublesome, and Smith rarely started a race. The car was reported to be chassis 722-18, but this is the same number reported for Mike Beuttler's car in F2. The car was next seen in 1974, when Smith had converted it to Formula Atlantic specification with an Alan Smith BDA. He raced it in the Irish Formula Atlantic series from 1974 to 1977. Sold to Joe Greenan (Belfast, Northern Ireland), who appeared in Irish Formula Atlantic in 1978 with a car described by Autosport as "an elderly but nicely turned out March of circa '72 vintage". The car was also driven by Arnie Black in a race at Kirkistown that year. It was then sold to Jimmy O’Boyle, who used it for many years and enjoyed great success in the Northern Ireland hillclimb and sprint championships. John Smith was keen to get the car back, and when O'Boyle retired, he sold it back to Smith. The car was rebuilt, and in 2007 it was used in the HSCC Derek Bell Trophy by John's son Darwin Smith. Used in HSCC and European F2 racing from 2007 to 2019.
- March 73B  (Stephen Choularton): Stephen Choularton (Hale Barns, Cheshire) acquired the first production March 73B and raced it in libre events and in the British F/Atlantic series with support from Autovita Developments Ltd. His mechanic Jim Crawford also raced this car in a libre race that year. Choularton continued with the car in 1974 when it was driven by Crawford in one round, at Brands Hatch in September, after Crawford had damaged his usual car. The car was next seen in May 1975 when Choularton dusted it off for Cyd Williams to drive after Williams had wrecked Graham Eden's Brabham BT40. Choularton retained the car, unused, until 1977 when it was sold to Paul Gardner (Preston, Lancashire) and used in libre racing in 1977. It then travelled out to the West Indies, quite possibly via Manchester-based racing car dealer Bobby Howlings, who would have known Gardner well, and was a regular visitor to the West Indies series. Raced by Mark Moodie in 1978 and 1979, winning the 1979 Jamaican National Championship. Subsequent history unknown.
- March 73B [712M-5] (Patrick Woods): New to Mike Beuttler, and raced in F2 in 1971 entered by Clarke Mordaunt Racing with Alistair Guthrie. This must be the ex-Beuttler 712M acquired by Hesketh Racing, and raced by James Hunt at the Rothmans 50,000, and then in the remainder of the F2 season. Sold by Hesketh to Ray Mallock, and updated by March to 73B specification for Mallock to race in British Formula Atlantic in 1973. The car was later rebuilt on the 73B tub that had been used as a bodywork buck. Via A.W. Brown Racing to Arthur Collier 1974 for Irish Formula Atlantic, then to Patrick Woods mid-season. Borrowed by Patsy McGarrity for the Boxing Day race at Mondello Park at the end of 1974. The car was later said to have returned to the UK via AW "Monkey" Brown, then moved through the trade to Roger Andreason, who sold it to his friend Charles Richards to be used in Monoposto in 1978. From there, it moved towards historic racing, but leading to some confusion as the car by now had a 73B tub and 73B bodywork. Its life in historic racing requires further confirmation.
- Lotus 69 [71/69.1.F2] (Walter Kinnear): New for Tetsu Ikuzawa in F2 in 1971. Hired from Ikuzawa by Ronni Rossi for the Torneio Brasiliero at the end of the year. Via MRE to Johnny Blades in 1972, then sold to Walter Kinnear (Gilford, County Down, Northern Ireland) for Irish libre racing in 1973, when it was fitted with a Cosworth FVC engine. Then fitted with a Cosworth BDA for Kinnear to drive in Formula Atlantic in 1974, 1975 and 1976. It then went to Barclay Bingham for Irish hillclimbs, and then to Robin Dunbar, who did not use it. It was then sold to Bill Patterson in 1984, restored for historic racing, and raced by Mike Pendlebury in HSCC events from 1986 onwards. It later went to Freddy Kumschick, and then via Hall & Fowler to Irvine Laidlaw by 2003. Laidlaw sold it to Mark Davenport some time after 2006, and by 2018 it was reportedly with Jean-Marc Bussolini.
- Brabham BT40  (Cyd Williams): New to Graham Eden Racing, and driven by Cyd Williams in the 1973 British Formula Atlantic championship. Retained by Eden and Williams for 1974. After Williams crashed the car at Brands Hatch in September 1974, it was raced by Richard Morgan and Tony Trimmer later that season. Retained by Eden again for 1975, with Cyd Williams again driving. To David Winstanley (Winsford, Cheshire) of Withers of Winsford for 1976, and raced in the Indylantic championship.
- Brabham BT30  (Bill Gowdy): New to Alistair Walker Racing and entered for Robin Widdows in F2 in 1970. Also driven by Walker later in the season, and by Richard Scott at Phoenix Park in September. Then sold to Kevin Murphy and used in Irish hillclimbs and at Mondello Park raced by Frank Keane (Mt Merrion, Dublin, Ireland). Retained by Murphy's Irish Racing Team for 1971 and raced by Brian Cullen in F2 and in libre events in Ireland and Scotland. Retained again for 1972 when it was loaned to Patsy McGarrity for a few races, only for him to hit a skip at Phoenix Park. Sold to Bill Gowdy (Banbridge, County Down, N. Ireland), rebuilt, and raced in Irish libre in 1973. Converted to F/Atlantic specification for the 1974 season and then sold less engine to a racing car dealer in the south of England, maybe MRE, in exchange for two BDA engines. Subsequent history unknown. Unlikely to be the "ex-Walker" BT30 advertised from Witney, Oxfordshire in March 1976 as that still had its FVA. The car raced by Marcus King in HSCC events in 1985 has been said to be BT30/20, but is now believed to be BT30/15. Also a car with the number BT30/20 observed with Michael Baudouin (France) in 1993.
- Lotus 69 [71/69.3.F2] (Ken Fildes): New to J&J Stanton for Gerry Birrell to race in F2 in 1971. Hired to José Ferreira for the Torneio Brasiliero at the end of the year. To Brian Small in 1972, and fitted with a Cosworth BDA for Formula Atlantic races late 1972, and a handful of appearances in 1973. To Roy Baker (Ferndown, Dorset) July 1973, but again only seen in a handful of races. To Ken Fildes (Clonskeagh, Dublin) for the new Irish Formula Atlantic series 1974 and 1975. Entered by Fildes for a young local lad Eddie Jordan in 1976. To Mark Birrell (Liverpool) in 1977. Acquired from Nick Overall by Richard Hinton (Albury, Hertfordshire) in early 1978, who started the restoration. Sold in 1985 via Chuck McCarty to Richard Spelberg (Dusseldorf, Germany) and retained in his collection until his death in the late 1990s. Subsequent history unclear, but this car was advertised by Eric Peterson (Germany) in April 2018.
- March 74B [U1] (Alan Jones): New to Harry Stiller Racing and entered for Bev Bond in a few late-season 1973 Formula Atlantic races, but only appeared once. Rebuilt by March to 74B specification over the winter and appeared as 74B chassis 'U1' for Bond in 1974. Alan Jones took over the drive mid-season and won three races. Advertised by AW Brown (London) in January 1975. Briefly to Frank Blanchard in early 1975 but then to Bill Gowdy (Belfast, Northern Ireland) for Irish Formula Atlantic. To Gerry Kinnane for Des Donnelly to drive in 1976, then to Eddie Jordan (Dundrum, County Dublin, Republic of Ireland) for 1977. Subsequently to Colin Simpson (Dundee, Scotland) for Scottish hillclimbs in 1978 and 1979, when it was fitted with a 1800cc Cosworth BDE; then to Grahame Brown, a Scot who emigrated to Australia and took two Formula Atlantic cars with him. Raced by Geoff Nicol in Australian Formula Pacific in 1981, and by John Blennerhasset in 1982. Then to Michael Miller, brothers Peter and Terry Simms, then the Kendall family, then to Bryan Miller in 2002. Sold by Bryan to Richard Carter (Berry, NSW) in September 2018, and shortly afterwards sold to Richard Ellingworth.
- Chevron B25 [25-73-08] (Patsy McGarrity): New to George Silverwood and entered by his Central Garage (Mirfield) Ltd for John Lepp in British Formula Atlantic in 1973. Also used by Lepp in the first European F2 round at Mallory Park, with the 1.6 BDA still in it. Lepp's sports car racing took priority from July and the B25 was sold to Patsy McGarrity (Belfast, Northern Ireland) for Formula Ireland racing. Loaned by him to Chevron cars for John Watson to use in the F2 race at Albi. Converted back to Formula Atlantic for McGarrity to race in the 1974 Irish season, winning eight races and the All-Ireland championship. Sold on to Pat Woods (Newcastle, County Wicklow, Ireland) for 1975, and retained for two further seasons. Last seen when Woods crashed heavily in practice at Phoenix Park in September 1977, when the car was described as wrecked.
- Chevron B27 [27-74-06] (Héctor Rebaque): New to Fred Opert Racing and the car raced by Bertil Roos in the British Formula Atlantic race at Brands Hatch in mid-March. Then fitted with a 2-litre Brian Hart Ford BDA for Roos at two F2 races, Montjuich Park and Hockenheim. Apparantly returned to Formula Atlantic specification and run by the Opert team in the UK series, initially for Héctor Rebaque, and later for Johnny Kastner, William Henderson III and then local man Jim Crawford. Sold to Derek Cook (Rotherham, South Yorkshire) for early 1975 Formula Atlantic races before being replaced by a newer B29. Retained for 1976 when Cook ran it in Indylantic, Shellsport G8, and libre racing, with either a Formula Atlantic BDA or a self-built 2-litre BDA. Retained again for early 1977 and used in F2 and in Shellsport, now with a 2-litre Alan Smith BDG, before Cook acquired a F1 Williams. Subsequent history unknown.
- Chevron B27 [27-74-16] (Peter Williams): Sold to Peter Williams (Brentwood, Essex) in June 1974 for British Formula Atlantic; and retained for the 1975 season. To Porsche racer and driving instructor Mike Franey (London) later in 1975 and raced in F/Atlantic with Samatco Ltd backing. Unknown in 1976, but in early 1977, novice racer Martin Murphy won a Formule Libre race at Thruxton in the "ex-Peter Williams Coin Monthly" B27. Subsequent history unknown, but reportedly owned by Phil Sharp for hillclimbs in 1984.
- March 73B  (Des Donnelly): New to Colin Vandervell (Purley, Surrey) and raced with great success in the Formula Atlantic in the UK in 1973, winning four races, and securing the Yellow Pages Championship. Sold to Des Donnelly (Naas, County Kildare, Ireland) for the Irish Formula Atlantic series, and raced by him in 1974 and 1975. There is then no mention of the car in 1976 or 1977, but in 1978, the car was raced by Ken Fildes (Clonskeagh, Dublin), and it had been owned by Gerry Kinnane for part or all of this period. Sold to Graham Brown, who took it to Australia when he emigrated in 1979, and raced by him in Western Australia in 1980 and 1981. Also raced by Joe Ricciardo in 1981. To Rod Housego, and raced by him in Western Australia in 1982 and 1984. Acquired by Richard Carter in 1988, and restored. Raced by Carter in HSRCA events from 1999 to 2002. Later to George Makin (Melbourne), and raced by Andrew Makin in historic events from 2003 onwards.
- March 722 (Ronnie Mackay): In 1974, Ronnie Mackay (Thurso, Scotland) was invited to drive the March 722 of Derek Palmer in Formula Atlantic races. Palmer told him that the car was "ex-Lauda", but Ronnie recalls it as very troublesome, especially on old tyres, and he really struggled with its handling. Subsequent history unknown.
- March 73B [722-5] (Dairmuid McFeeley): New for STP-March number two driver Niki Lauda for F2 in 1972 (won at Oulton Park in March), then for Pedro de Lamare in Torneio do Brasil. To Robert Cooper (High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire) for Formula Atlantic 1973, and rebuilt mid-season to 73B spec. Retained for early 1974, then sold to Dairmuid McFeeley (Clonee, Dunboyne, County Meath, Ireland) for Irish Formula Atlantic in 1974, 1975 and early 1976. To John Ledlie in 1976, then sold to Richard Lester (Yoxall, Staffordshire) for sprints from 1978 to 1984. With Keith Wanklyn (Wimborne) for hillclimbs from 1985 to 1990. Via three other owners to John Gale (Sydney, NSW, Australia) 2006. Sold to Steve Weller (Sydney, NSW) in 2017.
- Brabham BT30  (Harold McGarrity): Autosport identifies BT30-12 as Reid's F2 car in 1971 implying BT30-8 was his FVC libre car. As BT30-8 is advertised by Bobby Howlings in late 1971, it is reasonable to assume that it was BT30-12 that Reid retained for the early part of 1972, still FVA-powered. That car goes to Nelson Todd in July 1972 and according to David McKinney was then John Pollock's 1973 car, Harold McGarrity's 1974 car, and then the BT30 of Paddy Heron (Draperstown, County Londonderry) from 1975 to 1977. This would be the BT30 rolling chassis advertised from a Draperstown phone number in Autosport in June 1978. Sold some time after by Manchester dealer Bobby Howlings to Chris Charlett in Trinidad, later returning to the UK via Howlings again, presuably in a trade for the BT40 that Charlett later raced. The BT30 next appeared in 1986 when it and a BT18 were bought in Staffordshire by Mike Freeman (Staunton, Gloucestershire). Subsequently sold by Freeman to Roger Murray (Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria) in 1990 and raced by son James on a few occasions. Sold to Neil Glover (Ansty, West Sussex) by 2004 and then to Michael Scott in 2006.
- March 722B  (Tom O'Leary): New to Tom Wheatcroft Racing for Roger Williamson to race in F2 in 1972, but Williamson's main aim was the F3 title, so the 722 was little used. To Patsy McGarrity (Belfast, Northern Ireland) for 1973, and used in Formula Ireland races. To David Lambe (Dublin, Ireland) in August 1973, and converted to Formula Atlantic specification for 1974, when it was also raced once or twice by Tom O'Leary. In 1986, this car turned up in England in the hands of David Tilley, who told speed event historian Steve Wilkinson that it had come from Patsy McGarrity in Ulster and was "the ex-Wheatcroft car for Roger Williamson". Tilley replaced the 1600cc engine with a 3500cc Rover V8 for 1988, then sold the car to Barrie Gilles (Lydney, Gloucestershire), who raced it in 1989. Subsequent history unknown.
- March 74B  (Ted Wentz): New to Ted Wentz (Philadelphia, PA) and raced in the 1974 British Formula Atlantic season. To New Zealander Alan Crocker, who had moved to England to race in the 1975 British series, but a blown engine curtailed his season. Used occasionally in the 1976 Indylantic series and in libre racing. Croker took the car to New Zealand and raced it in the 1977 Formula Pacific series, then sold it there to Ken Smith, who rented it to Ken Sager to drive in the 1977/78 Gold Star series, and to Robbie Booth for the 1978/79 season. It reappeared with Robbie Hislop in 1981/82, then to Tony Batchelor for 1982/83. Last seen when raced by Keith Laney in 1984/85, and sold by him back to Kenny Smith some time before 1988. Later sold by Smith to Richard Carter in Australia to donate parts to Carter's rebuild of March 73B/8. The remains of the car were sold with the 73B to George Makin (Melbourne, Australia) about 2005.
- Brabham BT23 [BT23C-11] (Paddy Heron): New to Winkelmann Racing for Alan Rees to race in F2 in 1968 but also raced by Gerhard Mitter at Hockenheim in October. To Bill Ivey for 1969 and entered for him in F2 races by Paul Watson Racing Organisation (PWRO). To Brian Cullen (Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland) in August 1969 and he raced it in a F5000 race and in libre in 1969, in European F2 events in 1970, and at Bogotá in early 1971. Entered by Irish Racing Team for Lingard Goulding at Mondello Park in July 1971 and then maybe the BT23C raced by Ted Shanahan (Dublin) over the next two months and also possibly the BT23C raced by Roy Courtney (Lisburn, County Antrim, Northern Ireland) in local clubmans/club specials racing in 1972. To Harold McGarrity (Belfast) for 1973 and raced in Formula Ireland with a 1.6-litre Holbay engine. To Paddy Heron for 1974 and raced in clubmans and in Formula Atlantic. For sale from Glengormley in 1975 and entered by Belfast car dealer Noel Crymble for Chris Stanfield to race at Kirkistown a couple of times until the Holbay pushrod engine blew up. Next seen when bought from Ireland by Mark Raymont who still had it in the late 1980s with a Holbay engine and Hewland Mk 8 gearbox. Sold to Steve Worrad of Maverick Motorsport around 2002 and restored by him. For sale by Maverick in 2004 and sold the following year via the Bonhams auction at RAF Hendon to Joe Willenpart (Scheibbs, Austria).
The identification of individual cars in these results is based on the material presented elsewhere in this site and may in some cases contradict the organisers' original results.
The British race results have been compiled by Chris Townsend based on material in Autosport and Motoring News reports in the UK plus the information supplied by a wide range of contributors.