Surtees TS15 car-by-car histories
The Formula 2 Surtees TS15 was a development of the championship-winning Surtees TS10. Jochen Mass won two races and finished second in the championship.
Although outwardly similar to the Surtees TS10, the new TS15 had a new monocoque, new rear frame and "slightly revised" suspension. After 500 miles of testing at Brands Hatch and Goodwood, the prototype was taken to South America in October 1972 for the Brazilian F2 Torneio, where local driver Carlos Pace was entrusted with its first race. Brian Hart's new alloy Ford BDA, only just homologated, was fitted to the car but engine problems meant that he managed only two laps of the first race. At the second race, having qualified third using a 1850cc iron-block unit, the alloy engine was fitted for the race and Pace took the lead from the start of Heat 1 and led every lap to to finish. Emerson Fittipaldi led Heat 2 in his Lotus 69, but Pace passed him at the start of lap 3 and again won comfortably. It was an excellent start for both chassis and engine.
The prototype car was then sold to David McConnell for 1973 and a further half a dozen production cars were built for the start of the 1973 season: two works cars, TS15/02 and TS15/03, then four customer cars for Graeme Lawrence, Hesketh Racing, Peter Wardle and Bob Gerard. However, after that, the numbering is harder to follow. The next car to appear was chassis TS15/09, leaving TS15/08 a mystery until it appeared unexplained in 1974. Then, after 09, the next car to appear was TS15/12, leaving TS15/10 and TS15/11 also mysteries. These two cars are probably explained by the monocoque that was needed to rebuild the Hesketh car after a shunt at Goodwood and the car built for Andrea de Adamich but not used after he left Surtees for Brabham following a row between his sponsor and John Surtees. That car was raced in 1974, but its chassis number was not mentioned.
Jochen Mass led the Matchbox/FINA works team in1973, winning two races, finishing second in three more, and taking second place in the championship. The second works car was driven by Surtees' two F1 drivers Mike Hailwood and Carlos Pace when they were available, and on other occasions by Derek Bell, Torsten Palm, Willy Braillard and José Dolhem. The private TS15 owners in Formula 2 did not last the season, Hesketh moving up to F1 and McConnell retiring.
New for Carlos Pace to race in the Torneio do Brasil F2 races in October 1972, fitted with a Brian Hart alloy BDA. Sold to Canadian Dave McConnell for the 1973 Tasman series, again using the Hart BDA, and then raced by him in the 1973 Formula 2 season. After the first session of the Nürburgring race in late April, McConnell packed up his car and announced his retirement from racing. The subsequent history of the TS15 is unknown.
Driven by: Carlos Pace and David McConnell. First race: Interlagos, 29 Oct 1972. Total of 7 recorded races.
New for Jochen Mass as a works FINA Team Surtees entry for the first two races of the 1973 F2 season. Then driven by Carlos Pace at Thruxton in April. Then used as a third works entry for Torsten Palm at Kinnekullering in May, and then later for Palm again at Mantorp Park and Karlskoga in July and August. Then this was reported to be the car raced by Pace at Enna two weeks later, but as this was also said to be a "development F5000 chassis", that may have been a newer car travelling on the carnet of 02. The Enna car had a streamlined body with side wings, and enclosed rear section and revised bodywork, but the Italian scrutineers declared the body illegal, and it had to be converted to normal specification. When Pace later went off into the barrier, the new suspension also had to be replaced before the race. This car was not seen again, so it could be one of the cars that went to Japan, or the car that was destroyed over the winter in a transporter fire.
Driven by: Jochen Mass, Carlos Pace and Torsten Palm. First race: Mallory Park (R1), 11 Mar 1973. Total of 7 recorded races.
New for team leader Mike Hailwood for the opening race of the 1973 F2 season. Driven by Derek Bell at Hockenheim as Hailwood was racing a F1 car at the International Trophy. Then inherited by Jochen Mass when Hailwood had a new TS15/009 at Thruxton in April, but Mass only used chassis 03 in the heat, moving into Hailwood's newer car for the final. Mass drove chassis03 again at Nürburgring, at Kinnekullering in May, where he won, at Nivelles-Baulers, at Hockenheim, where he won again, and at Rouen-les-Essarts. However, the following weekend at Monza he crashed this car heavily into the barrier, wrecking one side. The car was not seen again.
Driven by: Mike Hailwood, Derek Bell and Jochen Mass. First race: Mallory Park (R1), 11 Mar 1973. Total of 8 recorded races.
New to Graeme Lawrence and raced in the 2-litre class of the 1973 Tasman Cup, using a 1.9-litre Hart BDA. Then raced in Southeast Asian events, using a Hart Ford twin cam engine. Retained for Southeast Asian 1600cc events in 1974, but Lawrence used his new F5000 Lola T332 in the Tasman series. Retained again for Southeast Asian 1600cc events in 1975. He still had the car in early 1976 when he was musing whether to convert it to Formula Pacific. Later in 1976 the car was sold to Rex Hart and fitted with a Cosworth BDA for Formula Pacific, and raced in New Zealand from 1977 to 1981. Sold to Ken Smith in 1982, and sold by him to John Wigston in 1984. David McKinney reported that the car was still in Wigston's collection in 2004.
Driven by: Graeme Lawrence and Rex Hart. First race: Surfers Paradise (Tasman R5), 4 Feb 1973. Total of 23 recorded races.
To Hesketh Racing for James Hunt to drive in F2 in 1973. After the opening race at Mallory Park, it was crashed in a test at Goodwood and rebuilt on a new monocoque before the Hockenheim race four weeks later. Crashed in practice for the F2 Pau Grand Prix in May and not seen again. In early 1976, Peter Wardle was said to own three TS15s, including the ex-Hunt car, but it now appears that this was incorrect and he only had two. According to Crispian Besley, the Hunt car remained at the Surtees factory unrepaired as Hesketh acquired a F1 March 731 instead, and never came back to F2. The chassis was still with John Surtees in August 2001. It is reported to have since been sold to a US owner who has retained it largely untouched.
Driven by: James Hunt. First race: Mallory Park (R1), 11 Mar 1973. Total of 4 recorded races.
New to Peter Wardle (Wimbledon, London) and raced in British Formula Atlantic in 1973, winning from pole position at one race Brands Hatch in August. Retained for 1974, again in British Formula Atlantic, and then retained for a third season in 1975. However, towards the end of 1975, Wardle was entering Steve Carvill (Wimbledon, London) in some races, and it is unclear whether the team had a second TS15 by this point, as the pair never appeared together in the same race. Wardle acquired sponsorship from Radio Luxembourg and Applied Racing Techniques for 1976, and both Wardle and Carvill appeared in Indylantic and in Shellsport G8 during that season, presumably both still in chassis 06. Wardle advertised a TS15 in 1983, with FG400 but no engine and a mountain of spares. According to researcher David McKinney, chassis 06 and chassis 07 were with Tony Collinson in 1990, and chassis 06 appears to stayed with its sister through the ownership of Gerry Wainwright, John Elliott, Mark Griffiths and Crispian Besley, who had both cars in 2010. Subsequent history unknown.
Driven by: Peter Wardle and Steve Carvill. First race: Mallory Park (R1), 11 Mar 1973. Total of 66 recorded races.
New to Bob Gerard Racing and raced by Bob Salisbury in F2 and in Formula Atlantic. Subsequent history unknown, but according to researcher David McKinney, chassis 06 and chassis 07 were with Tony Collinson in 1990, chassis 07 having a twin cam motor at that point. Chassis 07 passed to Gerry Wainwright (Burton, Staffordshire) who raced it from 1995 to 1997, then to John Elliott in 1999. Raced by Elliott in the HSCC Derek Bell Trophy in 2001, and in historic F2 in 2003. Mark Griffiths raced this car in 2006, and it then reappeared raced by Crispian Besley in 2011 and 2012.
Driven by: Bob Salisbury. First race: Mallory Park (R1), 11 Mar 1973. Total of 15 recorded races.
This car was not seen in 1973, but was raced by John Watson as a works Bang & Olufsen Team Surtees entry at the opening race of the 1974 season where it was described as "one of last year's cars dusted off". It was then José Dolhem's works car at the next four races before disappearing again. To Yugoslavian driver Francy Jerancic for 1975, entered in four F2 races by Avto-Moto društvo (AMD) Škofja Loka. Jerancic returned for three races in 1977. In early 1978, the car was advertised by David Winstanley's Lodge Corner Agencies (Crewe, Cheshire), but the advert said that details were still to come from Yugoslavia, which suggests the car was not actually in Crewe. As it was not advertised again, it may never have arrived. Subsequent history unknown, but some time around 1990, this car was bought by Pasqualino Turatello from Flavio Tullio. Pasqualino Turatello's son Francesco understands that the car had previously been used in Swiss hillclimbs. Flavio Tullio's son Matteo recalls that Flavio owned the car twice, selling it to Bertola of Torino and then buying it back, before selling it to Turatello. Matteo believes it was used by Bertola in French hillclimbs using a Fiat Volumetrico engine. It is listed in its 2013 FIA HTP as a Surtees TS15/A with chassis number TS15/08. Used by Francesco Turatello in historic hillclimbs in 2014.
Driven by: John Watson, José Dolhem and Francy Jerancic. First race: Hockenheim (R2), 7 Apr 1974. Total of 8 recorded races.
A brand new car prepared for Mike Hailwood to drive at Thruxton in April 1973, the third round of the 1973 F2 series, but after Hailwood was disqualified from the heart, the new car was driven by teammate Jochen Mass in the final. Then driven by Derek Bell at the Nürburgring as Hailwood was at the Spanish Grand Prix. Driven by Willy Braillard as a works entry at Nivelles-Baulers, then for Bell at Hockenheim, then for José Dolhem at Rouen where he crashed in practice and did not start, and then for Bell again at Monza a week later. Hailwood then drove this car at Enna in August, then Dolhem at Albi, and it was presumably the unused spare at Vallelunga. This car was not seen again, so it could be one of the cars that went to Japan, or the car that was destroyed over the winter in a transporter fire.
Driven by: Jochen Mass, Mike Hailwood, Derek Bell, Willy Braillard and José Dolhem. First race: Thruxton (R3), 23 Apr 1973. Total of 8 recorded races.
A new car for Jochen Mass as a Team Surtees FINA entry at Mantorp Park in July, replacing chassis TS15/03 which had been badly damaged at Monza. Then raced by Mike Hailwood at Karlskoga, by Mass at Enna, by Pace at Salzburgring, then by Mass again at Albi and Vallelunga. In that final race, Mass was running second in the final stages of Heat 1 when he understeered into one corner, slid across the grass and hit the Armco, wiping the suspension off one side of the car and "putting a huge dent in the monocoque".
Driven by: Jochen Mass, Mike Hailwood and Carlos Pace. First race: Mantorp Park (R11), 29 Jul 1973. Total of 6 recorded races.
The unknown cars
When the season ended, Team Surtees had used TS15/02, TS15/03, TS15/09 and TS15/12 during the season. Of these TS15/02 had last been seen at Enna where it had been described as a development car, TS15/03 had been badly damaged at Monza in June, TS15/09 had been used by just about everybody during the year and was intact when last seen, and TS15/12 had been Mass's regular car in the latter part of the year but had been damaged in the final race. Also somewhere at the factory was the car built for Andrea de Adamich but not used.
In November, a Surtees TS15 appeared in Japanese 2000cc racing, entered by Niscait Racing. This could have been a new car, so perhaps chassis TS15/14, or could have been an ex-works car, as Team Surtees started the 1974 season missing at least one of the cars used in 1973. As we will see, Team Surtees in 1973 had the ex-de Adamich car and an "ex-Mass" car, most likely TS15/12, and had also lost a car in a fire, but that still leaves TS15/02 or TS15/09 as a car that could have been sold to Japan.
'the Niscait Racing car'
Takashi Yorino is listed in results of the JAF Grand Prix at Suzuka in November 1973 driving a Surtees TS15, entered by Niscait Racing. The same team then entered the Surtees TS15 that Matsuaki Sanada drove at Suzuka in May 1974. By this time the car was in Niscait livery, with Niscait Racing Project on the nose. Nothing more known.
Driven by: Takashi Yorino and Matsuaki Sanada. First race: Suzuka (R4), 11 Nov 1973. Total of 2 recorded races.
Surtees TS15s in 1974
Surtees' only customer production for 1974 consisted of three Surtees TS15As for Ron Dennis's Ortega Ecuador Marlboro Team, all of which used Schnitzer BMW engines. The Surtees works team started the season with one of the 1973 Hart-engined TS15s for John Watson, and this TS15 passed to José Dolhem as a second Team Surtees entry at Pau where Watson had a new TS15A-BMW. Dolhem drove the TS15 again at Salzburg, where he was running in second place until the car struggled to pick up the last of its fuel on the final lap. Dolhem then went off in his "usual" TS15 at Rouen, and at the next race, at Mugello, he was said to be in "the ex-Mass TS15". So was this the same car he and Watson had used since the opening race, in which case it was likely to be Mass's end-of-season TS15/12, or had he swapped his car after Rouen? Also at Rouen were two more TS15s intended for two young and inexperienced Belgians, Pierre Dieudonné and Bernard de Dryver, both nominated by Surtees' important new sponsor Bang & Olufsen. Just as practice was beginning, John Surtees announced from England that neither would be allowed to drive due to their lack of experience, humiliating the drivers, and greatly annoying the sponsor's key director, who happened to De Dryver's father. As a result of their departure, Watson was allocated one of the cars, described as the "ex-Andrea de Adamich" car, as a T-car at Rouen and then his race car at Mugello two weeks later. The identity of the fourth TS15 at Rouen car was not mentioned.
On 14 August, six weeks after the Rouen fiasco, Bang & Olufsen announced that the company was terminating its sponsorship arrangement with Surtees. A day later Surtees announced that it had terminated its arrangement with B&O due to "non-compliance with their contractual financial obligations" and would be issuing a writ. The F2 Surtees had one more race appearance, at Enna on 25 August, where they carried Matchbox and FINA livery, and were not seen again. With Carlos Pace having walked out of the F1 team in late June and taken a drive at Brabham, Jochen Mass also now departed, for McLaren, the price of his escape being a statement of his adoration for John Surtees issued from Edenbridge. Derek Bell managed to extract himself with less ritual, leaving Dolhem to be promoted to the F1 team for the North American races.
There was no Surtees F2 team in 1974, and both of the Team Surtees TS15A-BMWs stayed at the factory until they were hired by Space Racing for a couple of Austrian drivers in August 1975. The fate of the team's three or four TS15s is less clear, the only one that can be clearly identified being the one acquired by Francy Jerancic. Another one or two could have been sold to Japan, where two Hart-engined TS15s ran alongside each other at Suzuka on 8 September, just two weeks after the Surtees F2 team's final appearance in Europe. One of these must surely be the Niscait Racing car from earlier in the year, and as It seems unlikely that Kojima would buy Niscait's second-hand car, it is likely that the Niscait car went to Jiro Yoneyama and that Kojima had bought one of the works TS15-Harts used at Enna.
'the José Dolhem 1974 car'
José Dolhem raced a Surtees TS15 at Mugello in July 1974 that was described by Autosport as "ex-Mass", implying it was chassis TS15/12. It is not clear whether this is the same car Dolhem used at earlier races, as that car had been described as "TS158", implying it was chassis TS15/08. This car was next seen at Enna in August, the team's final outing, where it was used by Watson in practice, damaged, and repaired in time for Dolhem to race. Nothing more known.
Driven by: José Dolhem and John Watson. First race: Mugello (R6), 14 Jul 1974. Total of 2 recorded races.
'the Kojima Engineering car'
Kojima Engineering entered a Hart-engined Surtees TS15 at three Japanese F2 races in late 1974, the first being on 8 September, just two weeks after the Surtees team's last appearance in F2 in Europe. Drivers were Masahiro Hasemi, who won first time out, and Kazuyoshi Hoshino. The team used March 742s from then on, so it is likely the Surtees was sold on.
Driven by: Masahiro Hasemi and Kazuyoshi Hoshino. First race: Suzuka (R2), 8 Sep 1974. Total of 3 recorded races.
'the Jiro Yoneyama car'
Jiro Yoneyama raced a Hart-engined Surtees TS15 in Japanese F2 from September 1974 until November 1977. The car was entered by Jirou Motor Racing in 1974, Hickok Racing Team in 1975, Jirou Motor Racing again in 1976, and then Hickok Racing Team again in 1977. Nothing more known.
Driven by: Jiro Yoneyama. First race: Suzuka (R2), 8 Sep 1974. Total of 17 recorded races.
Surtees TS15s from 1975 onwards
As Jiro Yoneyama used his TS15 from 1974 to 1977, it is likely that the TS15 raced in Japan by Kunimitsu Takahashi was the ex-Kojima car.
'the Racing Shop Yatsuka car'
Kunimitsu Takahashi raced a Surtees TS15 at Fuji in May 1975, where it was described as a being BMW-engined and was entered by Sakai Racing Team. When Takahashi next appeared in the Surtees at Suzuka three weeks later, it was said to have a Hart engine and the entrant was Racing Shop Yatsuka. A TS15 was entered by Racing Shop Yatsuka at six more races from 1975 to 1977, driven by Tetsu Okada. Nothing more known.
Driven by: Kunimitsu Takahashi and Tetsu Okada. First race: Suzuka (R2), 25 May 1975. Total of 5 recorded races.
'the Jim Ravenscroft car'
John Burke (Eastleigh, Hampshire), the brother of John Surtees' wife Pat, acquired a Surtees TS15 in 1976, and it was raced in 1976 and 1977 by Jim Ravenscroft (Basingstoke, Hampshire) in libre events and in the ShellSPORT Group 8 series. Peter Hulme, who was involved in Ravenscroft's campaign, thinks it came directly from Surtees. It was run in the yellow colours of Burke's plant hire company. Nothing more known.
Driven by: Jim Ravenscroft. First race: Silverstone, 25 Sep 1976. Total of 6 recorded races.
'the Peter Voigt car'
Peter Voigt (Haywards Heath, West Sussex) had a Surtees TS15 at a Hillclimb and Sprint Association test day at Llandow in April 2008. It was still with Voigt in 2020, when it was described as "chassis TS15/15".
In addition to the above, unknown Surtees TS15s were driven by Kikuo Kaira and Kevin Taylor.
My thanks to Chris Townsend for his early work on this subject, to David McKinney, Michael Ferner, Philippe Demeyer, Crispian Besley, Peter Hulme, Francesco Turatello, Matteo Tullio, John Bladon, Jeremy Wheatley and Chris Willie for their help, and to Gerard Barathieu for interviewing Jean-Claude Pace and Christian Drouet. Particular thanks to Ted Walker for providing so many excellent pictures of the cars being raced in 1973 and 1974.
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